Microorganisms part of our bodies or outside, have a significant role in keeping us healthy, and developing diseases, as well. Now, a team of researchers from the UTSA has analyzed the benefits of maintaining physical distance to lower the spread of microbes among individuals. They monitored monkeys in their habitat, to find out what role diet, genetics, length, and social groupings play in a social network when it comes to the microbes identified inside an animal’s stomach.
Social Microbial Transmission Examined
The stomach microbions regards all the microorganisms present in the digestive tract. Over the last few years, the microbiome has reached more scientific focus because it’s thought that an unhealthy gut microbiome can trigger the obesity, weakened parasite resistance, impaired immune function, and even behavioral alterations. Eva Wikberg, an assistant professor from the UTSA’s Department, explained the parallel between the current Covid-19 situation to social microbial transmission. She stated: “This has similarities to our current situation in which we are trying to understand how social distancing during the COVID-19 pandemic and future disease outbreaks may influence disease transmission.”But, researching microbiomes is challenging because of the contrast in microbial structure between individuals. Diets, social environments, or the genetic makeup were questioned if they could drive such variation.
This recent study analysis has been especially daring in wild populations because of the detailed data that was missing to taunt apart the so-many factors that build the microbiome. To reach a more fundamental point, Wikberg and her team examined the fecal matter of 45 female colobus monkeys that assembled in 8 different social communities in a small forest by the areas of Fiema and Boabeng in Ghana. The team found significant differences among social gatherings’ stomach microbiomes. The results were similar to those individuals that were more closely connected in the population’s social network. Such findings show that microbes might be transmitted during random meetings with individuals of other social groups. A similar situation might be when people come into the one-meter closeness of each other in the market.