Venus is one of the brightest celestial objects in the night sky. But as beautiful as it looks, the dangerous it is. The hot surface of Venus reaches an average temperature of 462 degrees Celsius. Therefore, our neighboring planet is like a vision of Hell, and you could say that it’s somehow proof that an actual Hell really exists somewhere in the Universe or outside of it.
But judging by the frightening conditions on Venus, we shouldn’t be surprised if there are any active volcanoes there. But the big surprise is this: Venus might be the only planet containing active volcanoes besides Earth.
Crystals of olivine might be the answer
Scientists are exploring the possibility of active volcanoes to exist on Venus. They have been using crystals of olivine and tried to mimic the harsh conditions from the surface of the planet. The scientists heated olivine in a furnace for a month at high temperatures. Thus, the olivine became covered with the reddish-black mineral hematite. Therefore, it has been concluded that the mineral olivine might be belonging to volcanic eruptions from Venus.
An official statement says:
[O]ur results suggest that these high-emissivity lava flows are not millions or even thousands of years old …. but were emplaced at most a few years before detection,
If so, then Venus is volcanically active today because our experimental results show that the emissivity/reflectance signature of olivine should be obscured by oxide coatings within months to years.
The claim of active volcanoes existing on Venus is truly remarkable since there aren’t such structures present on any other bodies from our Solar System, except for our planet. Mars and the moon also have been harboring active volcanoes long ago, but they are inactive now. But who knows, maybe someday they will awaken again and grant us new discoveries about our Solar System.
The study has been published in Science Advances.