We all know the impact of climate change on our planet, including drought, high temperature, and more. The scientists have recently announced that the impact of herds of horses, reindeers, and bison would reduce the the global warming. This conclusion was reached after researching the permafrost environment in the Arctic area.
The study was a computerized simulation, where real-life conditions were taken into consideration. The data introduced was provided by on-the-ground data and showed that if there are enough animals, more than 80% of the soil will be protected by the end of this century.
The inspiration for this research was the experiment conducted in Chersky, which was streamed by CBS News’ 60 Minutes. The episode features and eccentric scientist who brought grazing animals on an area of Arctic tundra almost 20 years ago. The scientist, Zimov Sergey, alongside his son, Nikita, has noticed several benefits on the environment among the years.
Populating the Arctic Region with Animals Might Tackle Global Warming
The permafrost soil is characterized by remaining freezing all year round. However, the global warming is affecting the ground in the Arctic regions, causing less freezing temperatures. What is even more alarming is that the unfreezing temperatures are creating an extensive amount of gases to reach the atmosphere, affecting the environment since they were trapped under the surface for tens of thousands of years.
The scientists are concerned that this release is going to cause a domino effect, triggering even more the global warming. Last year, the scientist Woods Hole in collaboration with the Research Center, demonstrated that the Arctic Circle is now emitting in the atmosphere an impressive quantity of carbon dioxide.
The researchers have stated that this genetic manipulation research has not been carefully analyzed, but up until now, it has proved effective. However, there is one primary concern, since the animals can destroy the cooling moss layer during the summer, even though the impact on the compressed snow effect they have is even more critical.