According to experts, Ring of Fire volcanoes is a continual danger to Earth and humanity, with some of them prone to blow off this year.
The Ring of Fire is the most massive and most active break line in the world, expanding from New Zealand, along the east coast of Asia, to Canada and the U.S.A., then down to the southern peak of South America. This fault line creates over 90 percent of the world’s earthquakes.
There are five most hazardous volcanoes on the break line, which are a constant threat to humanity during 2020 and beyond.
Long Valley Caldera
The Long Valley Caldera is a supervolcano found in the U.S. This volcano hosts such an incredible amount of magma beneath the surface, that it could create an eruption similar to the gigantic one that took place about 767,000 years ago, which spread 140 cubic miles of material into the atmosphere.
The Long Valley Caldera is one of our planet’s most massive volcanoes, measuring approximately 20 miles long, 11 miles wide, and about 3,000 feet (910 meters) deep.
Lake Toba is also one of Earth’s most massive supervolcanoes, and it is located in Sumatra, Indonesia. This caldera has erupted 74,000 years ago and sent about 2,800 cubic kilometers of material into the atmosphere. After the eruption, temperatures around the world increased for a decade, coating massive regions of Indonesia and India in ash.
An island at the core of Lake Toba is slowly rising, and it believed to be a sign of the Earth swelling because of the magma pressure below the surface.
Located beneath the surface of Lake Taupo, the supervolcano lies in the middle of New Zealand’s North Island. It first began exploding about 300,000 years ago and has rarely stopped.
Taupo is the cause of the most recent supervolcanic eruption, as it exploded about 26,500 years ago, plummeting 1,200 cubic kilometers of pumice and ash into the atmosphere. Since then, the volcano erupted for 28 times, but in a smaller measure.
Mount Agung in another Indonesian volcano located in Bali. This one if the most feared in the world, as it had earlier erupted in 1963, and it was the most volatile volcanic event of the 20th century.
When the volcano last blew off, it sent a huge amount of ash and sulfur dioxide into the atmosphere. The sulfur dioxide continually reacted with water vapor in the air, forming sulphuric acid droplets. Experts claimed that 10 million tonnes of these sulphuric acid droplets congregated into the atmosphere, which acted as an obstacle. This barrier decreased the amount of ultraviolet beams, which has a cooling impact on the planet.
Mount Sakurajima is the cause behind Japan’s most powerful volcano eruption in the 20th century. On January 11th, the year 1914, the volcano blew off in a rather violent way, causing massive earthquakes and making Mount Sakurajima draining its magma room, which flowed outside.
The volcano is located on the Kyushu island and is known or its regular eruptions. Kyushu hosts about 13 million people and is located on top of the Japanese ‘Ring of Fire,’ where there are approximately 100 active volcanoes.