A new study raises environmental concerns due to the increasing amount of the potent greenhouse gas. The gas that absorbs and emits radiant energy within the thermal infrared range cause the greenhouse effect in the Earth’s atmosphere.
However, the new study findings contradict the most recent reports regarding the decreasing amount of potent greenhouse gases.
The research was done by an international team of scientists from the University of Bristol (U.K.). They have analyzed the recent results comparing them with the data from the previous studies that were issued in 2017.
Certain greenhouse gases contribute to global warming, and the most common gas is known as carbon dioxide; however, the primary greenhouse gases in Earth’s atmosphere also include water vapor, methane, nitrous oxide, and ozone. The levels of greenhouse gases are mostly caused by human impact on the environment, such as the vehicle gas emissions.
Greenhouse gas tracked by researchers
HFC-23, a type of hydrofluorocarbon, is another greenhouse gas that we should be aware of. According to the researchers, this hydrofluorocarbon gas is more significant harm for the global warming as it can be thousands of times stronger than the carbon dioxide.
What are hydrofluorocarbons? They are organic compounds that contain fluorine and hydrogen atoms and are used frequently in air conditioning and as refrigerants.
The HFC-23 effects
India and China are the leading countries that emit HFC-23 greenhouse gas. Although back in 2015, both had robust schemes in place to reduce the gas emissions in factories, and it was proved to be successful in 2017 based on some studies results, this new study is in contradiction with the previous results.
According to the latest research, both countries contribute majorly to global warming trough hydrofluorocarbon emissions. India and China need to improve their plan regarding this issue and take further action.
“Increase in global emissions of HFC-23 despite near-total expected reductions” study can be found in the journal Nature Communications.