Research performed by the European Space Agency has discovered that chemical particles in human urine have a usage in the creation of construction material, as reports say. After organically originated urea is harvested from human waste, a superplasticizer is made, which can be used as concrete on the Moon. The versatile material has been proved to resist up to ten times its weight.
The lead researcher of ESA’s Advanced Concepts Team, Marlies Arnhof, promoted the properties of this urine-based newfound material. According to her, the scientific community has been dumbfounded by this material, especially by its unusually high strength and by the fact that it could be made out of compounds that are already present on the Moon.
Setting up a permanent base of residence on the Moon poses many challenges, such as the transportation and use of resources.
An Efficient Way of Building a Moon Residence Is Using the Astronaut’s Urine
There are many technical obstacles associated with establishing a residence on the Moon. The usage and transportation of materials from Earth to the Moon are one of the main ones. For example. Water will be scarce if the colonizers rely strictly on deliveries from the home planet for all of their needs. The ISS (International Space Station), has to be periodically resupplied from Earth, although it re-uses over 90 percent of all its water.
Sending building materials, food, water, and fuel from the Earth to its satellite is highly expensive and not very efficient. Despite this, Marlies Arnhof has declared that the transport of urea to astronauts should not encounter the same problems, being easy to get and for cheap. Mixing human urea with regolith, a powdery layer located on the surface of the Moon creates superplasticizers when also combined with a small amount of water.
Urine is also useful in the curing process, as it contains many calcium minerals. On our home planet, urea is produced industrially and is an ingredient in plenty of chemical products and fertilizers.