The Hubble Space Telescope gathered for us some groundbreaking pictures and information about our Universe. Gamma-ray bursts, distribution of the dark matter on the Observable Universe, and some moons of Pluto are just a few of the discoveries made by Hubble. The telescope was named after the American astronomer Edwin Hubble, who discovered a century ago that our Milky Way is not the only galaxy in the Universe as scientists thought.
But it will come a time when the Hubble Space Telescope will be replaced with the upcoming James Webb Space Telescope. In almost exactly one year, March 30, 2021, the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST or “Webb”) will launch from the Guiana Space Centre to the northwest of Kourou located in French Guiana.
‘Webb’ can look farther away than any other telescope
Until now, astronomers were able to ‘travel’ via telescopes distances so large that nobody would have thought possible. They looked for billions of light-years across the Universe (and therefore back in time), close to the point of the Big Bang. The James Webb Space Telescope will be capable of even more because of its capability of detecting infrared light.
“Webb” will also study our solar system, image various exoplanets, take pictures of stars and galaxies, and also try to find the pieces of the puzzle missing regarding the origins of our Universe.
In a post on Twitter, NASA offers us more detail of how impressive the upcoming telescope will be:
#NASAWebb is now a fully assembled observatory, and has accomplished multiple large deployments and movements that it will perform in space. This new time-lapse video highlights these recent critical milestones. #JWST #timelapse pic.twitter.com/N027BGFjuv
— NASA Webb Telescope (@NASAWebb) February 26, 2020
The James Webb Space Telescope is named after James E. Webb, who was NASA’s administrator during a part of the Apollo era. The telescope will be a project where various space agencies will participate, including NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration). The others are the European Space Agency (ESA), the Canadian Space Agency (CSA), and also the Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)