Scientists are proud to announce the recovery of the ozone layer above Antarctica. This improvement is bringing good news since the climate risks in the Southern Hemisphere would no longer be a problem.
What is even more intriguing is that an agreement from 1987 has resulted in pausing and reversing the alarming phenomenon.
The Montreal Protocol from 1987 has stated that the usage of ozone-depleting substances is wholly forbidden. Almost 35 years later, the study shows that this initiative has stopped the alarming changes in the air currents from the Southern Hemisphere.
Known as well as jet streams, the fast air currents are endangering nature because climate change has caused their movement to the south. This movement causes changes in the rainfall patterns and more powerful ocean currents. Therefore, researchers are trying to demonstrate that the ozone layer is responsible for avoiding these climate risks.
A new study revealed that the ozone layer is recovering
The research shows the importance of the Montreal Protocol. They are stating that this measure the pact imposed has stopped and slightly reversed a problem that has been affecting thousands of people.
As a concrete example, in Australia, the Montreal Protocol has resulted in eliminating the rain on coastal areas. The organic chemist, Ian Rae, from the University of Melbourne, explains that the weather bands have come closer to the southern pole during the past decades.
However, one problem that is alarming to researchers is the growth of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Even though the ODSs input has seriously improved the ozone layer, CO2 levels are causing the failure of the progress already made. Additionally, several regions of China are endangering the ozone layer because of their notable usage of ozone-depleting chemicals.
Consequently, the Montreal Protocol is showing that global action is the only way to solve a problem. However, with the greenhouse gas emissions, it is clear that it takes a lot more than one reduction to reduce the climate change.