Dark matter has long been a sensitive subject for the scientific field, as it could not be explained. Now, the newly discovered Particle X17 might help scientists unravel the mystery of dark matter.
Back in 1933, astronomer Fritz Zwicky observed the fact that the Universe appeared to have ‘missing mass.’ Still, something had to justify the space between cosmic bodies and the gravitational forces that keep them in the same place. The astronomer’s ‘missing mass’ is what researchers now refer to as dark matter.
Particle X17 might explain dark matter
Dark matter answers a couple of some of the Universe’s many enigmas but creates new mysteries for astronomers to ponder at the same time.
Even though scientists believe that dark matter composes 80 percent of the Universe, the theory has never been fruitfully proved by demonstrating it in the lab. The matter’s presence can be deduced from its gravitational force, and not from any type of visual evidence since it’s dark.
Now, scientists have come up with a possible answer. A theoretical particle dubbed Particle X17 could help answer some of the questions behind this invisible matter, and how scientists see the forces that rule over nature.
Particle X17 was first discovered in 2015 when a team of Hungarian scientists reported the finding of a new particle that they say could answer the question of how particles of dark matter engage with each other.
The finding was a polemical one, but now researchers say they have more proof. In October of this year, a paper was published in a pre-print journal that described a second experiment that brings forth new evidence for Particle X17.
Does Particle X17 Actually Exist?
At the moment, we only know four forces of nature: gravitational, electromagnetic, strong, and weak forces. Combined, they command the way particles engage with each other. However, if demonstrated, X17 might make scientists rewrite the Standard Model of particle physics, which is the hypothetical model of particle engaging that concerns photons or particles of light.
The Standard Model does not explain the interaction between particles of dark matter since dark matter does not engage with light. But X17 could be the element that rules over interactions between dark matter particles.
If Particle X17 exists indeed, it can help researchers understand the basic process that created dark matter. Even so, some are doubtful of the results of the recent study since no other team has been able to identify this new particle in their lab until now.
Scientists have been searching dark matter for decades through several peculiar and unusual experiments. However, in spite of their efforts, they have not been successful in straightly detecting dark matter, so it is still ‘missing,’ allegedly.
If Particle X17 exists, time will tell, it could probably either help scientists understand one of the most enduring mysteries of the cosmos, such as dark matter, or totally abash them with more questions.