NASA will deploy the James Webb Space telescope during late 2021, and it will be the end of the road for Hubble. After a glorious activity of three decades when it discovered the age of the Universe, the fact that most galaxies are powered by supermassive black holes located at their centers, and so on, the Hubble Space Telescope will finally be out of order.
Two new studies from the University of Melbourne are uncovering the plans of James Webb, which will be the most powerful and complex telescope ever built. The new papers are published in The Astrophysical Journal and in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society.
Black holes remain a mystery
Simulations led by Science PhD candidate, Madeline Marshall, are showing that while even NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope can’t see galaxies hidden by some quasars, it will be something totally different in the case of the James Webb Telescope. Ms. Marshall, who conducted research, declared:
Webb will open up the opportunity to observe these very distant host galaxies for the first time,
That can help us answer questions like: How can black holes grow so big so fast? Is there a relationship between the mass of the galaxy and the mass of the black hole, like we see in the nearby universe?
Scientists could use learning a lot more about black holes in general, as they remain the most mysterious objects in the Universe. These cosmic monsters are able to defy even the laws of physics themselves, something that is truly mind-boggling. Time inside a black hole simply stops, objects get sucked into these objects at speeds even faster than light, and so on.
The cost for the James Webb Space Telescope is 10 billion dollars, and the manufacturers Northrop Grumman and Ball Aerospace & Technologies will also participate.