A team of international researchers has analyzed X-ray flares that are released by the supermassive black hole located at the center of the Milky Way. The supermassive black hole is located at a distance of 26,000 light-years away, and a more massive amount of flares have been observed between 2014 and 2017.
More data is needed before the researchers can offer definite conclusions related to the activity of the supermassive black hole before a definite conclusion can be provided. A significant focus is placed on multi-wavelength measurements that should show if the increases have been temporary or the sign of a constant trend.
Black holes remain some of the most elusive objects in the universe, with many traits remaining a mystery at this point. These measurements can also be used to track down the source of the intense X-ray flares, which could be influenced by the accretion disk, other nearby objects, or traveling asteroids.
More about the supermassive black hole at the center of the Milky Way
It is known that black holes defy the laws of physics, with the main highlight being the singularity found at their center. Within this area matter, space and time are blended into a curve that remains inexplicable. One of the most heated debates in the scientific community is related to the possible existence of black holes before the Big Bang.
Several events can lead to the formation of a black hole, with the most common one being a supernova, which takes place when a depleted star will collapse onto itself during the final moments of existence.
It can also be formed by a mixture of cosmic elements or the clash between two neutron stars. Sagittarius A* supermassive black hole has a radius of 22 million kilometers and a mass that is up to 4 million times bigger than that of the sun. It remains an important research topic for many scientists.