Scientists are pretty sure that light doesn’t have any mass, which means that converting from massless to massive is a truly remarkable milestone. Considering that there are about 10 to the power of 80 atoms in the whole observable Universe, you cannot complain about not having enough matter to deal with. Each and every one of us is living proof that the Universe contains matter, some more than others.
It’s true that scientists would use knowing more about how matter came into existence – what existed before the Big Bang, what triggered the explosion itself, why did the singularity had so much energy, and so on. But not having irrefutable answers for how this abundance of matter came into existence doesn’t stop scientists from converting light into matter.
Albert Einstein prevails once again
Einstein’s famous E = mc² equation reveals that energy and matter are very related to each other. Furthermore, the equation is being used by scientists who are on charge of the LHC (Large Hadron Collider). They managed to transform light into electromagnetic waves. In a new experiment, scientists from LHC discovered photons fusing and transforming into W bosons, which carry the weak nuclear force.
Alessandro Tricoli, a researcher at Brookhaven National Laboratory, declared:
If you read the equation E=mc² from right to left, you’ll see that a small amount of mass produces a huge amount of energy because of the c² constant, which is the speed of light squared,
But if you look at the formula the other way around, you’ll see that you need to start with a huge amount of energy to produce even a tiny amount of mass.
The 1979 Nobel Prize in physics was won specifically for the discovery that at high energies, electromagnetism and the weak force are becoming one and the same. That was put into practice artificially now, when the Large Hadron Collider managed to generate W bosons from high-energy photons.