Winter is the coldest season of the year in polar and temperate zones. The season brings us closer to the Sun. However, it also brings us the deepest cold. How is that possible? Read below to find out more about the winter paradox.
The winter paradox
Another peculiar fact about winter is that it is the shortest season of them all. For better understanding, let’s take a look at the Eath’s shape.
Earth’s Axis is an imaginary line that runs through the North and South Pole and has a tilt when compared to the movement of our planet. During northern summertime, the North Pole is tilted toward the Sun. However, in our wintertime, it is tilted away from the Sun.
There is a third peculiar fact as well; our orbit is an ellipse, pretty much like an oval. The Earth does not run in a neat, beautiful circle around the Sun. Therefore, various points along that oval are different distances from the Sun.
Once per year, in early Canada’s winter, our planet is brought to a point in our orbit that is closest to the Sun by 147.091 million kilometers. However, in the early summer, it will bring us farthest from the Sun. By early July, we will be at our farthest point, of 152.095 million kilometers, which means five million kilometers farther away from the Sun than we are today.
During our wintertime, Earth is nearer the Sun, which causes it to go faster in its orbit. The Sun’s force of gravity is dragging us closer, making us speed up. Our summertime is a period when Earth is decreasing its speed in its orbital movement, struggling against the Sun’s pull as it moves farther away, so it takes longer to go through that season. Similar to a comet flying at an over-exaggerated ellipse than our planet. When a comet approaches the Sun, they accelerate all the way in.